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Important Template Tags for WordPress Theme Developers

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WordPress Template Tags:

In this guide, we will cover some important and useful WordPress theme template tags that you can use in your theme development. These template tags will help you to display content and customize your theme according to your requirements.

WordPress Template Tags

Before we dive into the details, let’s quickly go through what a template tag is. A template tag is a code snippet that you can use in your WordPress theme files to display dynamic content.

1: the_title()

This template tag is used to display the post or page title. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<h1><?php the_title(); ?></h1>
				
			

2: the_content()

This template tag is used to display the post or page content. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<div class="entry-content">
  <?php the_content(); ?>
</div>

				
			

3: the_excerpt()

This template tag is used to display an excerpt of the post or page content. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<div class="entry-summary">
  <?php the_excerpt(); ?>
</div>

				
			

4: the_permalink()

This template tag is used to display the URL of the current post or page. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<a href="<?php the_permalink(); ?>"><?php the_title(); ?></a>

				
			

5: the_author()

This template tag is used to display the author name of the current post or page. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<p>By <?php the_author(); ?></p>

				
			

6: the_category()

This template tag is used to display the category or categories that a post belongs to. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<p>Filed under: <?php the_category(', '); ?></p>
				
			

7: the_time()

This template tag is used to display the date and time of a post or page. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<p>Posted on <?php the_time('F j, Y'); ?> at <?php the_time('g:i a'); ?></p>

				
			

8: the_post_thumbnail()

This template tag is used to display the featured image of a post or page. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php if ( has_post_thumbnail() ) : ?>
  <div class="post-thumbnail">
    <?php the_post_thumbnail(); ?>
  </div>
<?php endif; ?>

				
			

9: wp_nav_menu()

This template tag is used to display a custom menu in your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<nav class="main-menu">
  <?php wp_nav_menu( array( 'theme_location' => 'primary' ) ); ?>
</nav>

				
			

10: get_search_form()

This template tag is used to display the search form in your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php get_search_form(); ?>
				
			

11: the_tags()

This template tag is used to display the tags associated with a post. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<p>Tags: <?php the_tags('', ', '); ?></p>

				
			

12: comments_template()

This template tag is used to display the comments section in your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php comments_template(); ?>

				
			

13: get_template_part()

This template tag is used to include a template file in your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php get_template_part( 'content', 'single' ); ?>
				
			

14: body_class()

This template tag is used to add custom classes to the body element of your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<body data-rsssl=1 <?php body_class(); ?>>

				
			

15: language_attributes()

This template tag is used to add language attributes to the HTML tag of your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<html <?php language_attributes(); ?>>

				
			

16: bloginfo()

This template tag is used to display information about your blog, such as the site title, tagline, or URL. You can check the parameters to fetch the available data here. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<p>Site URL: <?php bloginfo('url'); ?></p>

				
			

17: get_sidebar()

This template tag is used to include the sidebar in your theme. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php get_sidebar(); ?>

				
			

18: wp_head()

Plugins and WordPress core use this function to insert crucial elements into your document’s header (e.g., scripts, styles, and meta tags). Always put wp_head() just before the closing tag of your theme (usually in header.php):

				
					<head>
	
	<?php wp_head(); ?>
</head>
				
			

19: wp_footer()

Plugins and WordPress core use this function to insert crucial elements into your document’s footer section (e.g., scripts, styles, and meta tags). Always put wp_foot() just before the closing tag of your theme (usually in footer.php):

				
					<body data-rsssl=1>
	
	
	<?php wp_footer(); ?> <script data-no-optimize="1">!function(t,e){"object"==typeof exports&&"undefined"!=typeof module?module.exports=e():"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(e):(t="undefined"!=typeof globalThis?globalThis:t||self).LazyLoad=e()}(this,function(){"use strict";function e(){return(e=Object.assign||function(t){for(var e=1;e<arguments.length;e++){var n,a=arguments[e];for(n in a)Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(a,n)&&(t[n]=a[n])}return t}).apply(this,arguments)}function i(t){return e({},it,t)}function o(t,e){var n,a="LazyLoad::Initialized",i=new t(e);try{n=new CustomEvent(a,{detail:{instance:i}})}catch(t){(n=document.createEvent("CustomEvent")).initCustomEvent(a,!1,!1,{instance:i})}window.dispatchEvent(n)}function l(t,e){return t.getAttribute(gt+e)}function c(t){return l(t,bt)}function s(t,e){return function(t,e,n){e=gt+e;null!==n?t.setAttribute(e,n):t.removeAttribute(e)}(t,bt,e)}function r(t){return s(t,null),0}function u(t){return null===c(t)}function d(t){return c(t)===vt}function f(t,e,n,a){t&&(void 0===a?void 0===n?t(e):t(e,n):t(e,n,a))}function _(t,e){nt?t.classList.add(e):t.className+=(t.className?" 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Images"),d=new LazyLoad({elements_selector:"[data-lazyloaded]",callback_finish:a}),o=function(){d.update()},e.MutationObserver&&new MutationObserver(o).observe(t.documentElement,{childList:!0,subtree:!0,attributes:!0})}var d,o;e.addEventListener?e.addEventListener("load",n,!1):e.attachEvent("onload",n)}(window,document);</script></body>
				
			

20: the_title_attribute()

This template tag is used to display the title of the post or page as an attribute for the link or other element. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<a href="<?php the_permalink(); ?>" title="<?php the_title_attribute(); ?>"><?php the_title(); ?></a>

				
			

21: get_search_query()

This template tag is used to retrieve the search query string entered by the user. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php if ( have_posts() ) : ?>
  <h1>Search Results for '<?php echo get_search_query(); ?>'</h1>
<?php else : ?>
  <h1>No results found for '<?php echo get_search_query(); ?>'</h1>
<?php endif; ?>

				
			

22: wp_link_pages()

This template tag is used to display pagination links for multi-page posts or pages. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php wp_link_pages(); ?>

				
			

23: get_the_author_meta()

This template tag is used to retrieve the specified metadata of the post author. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php echo get_the_author_meta( 'description' ); ?>

				
			

24: the_archive_title()

This template tag is used to display the title of the current archive page. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php the_archive_title( '<h1 class="page-title">', '</h1>' ); ?>

				
			

25: the_archive_description()

This template tag is used to display the description of the current archive page. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php the_archive_description( '<div class="taxonomy-description">', '</div>' ); ?>

				
			

26: the_terms()

This template tag is used to display the terms of the specified taxonomy for the post. You can use it in your theme files like this:

				
					<?php the_terms( $post->ID, 'category', 'Posted in ', ', ' ); ?>

				
			

That’s it! These are some of the important and useful WordPress theme template tags that you can use in your theme development. By using these template tags, you can display dynamic content and customize your theme according to your requirements. We hope that you found this guide helpful. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to leave a comment below. You can find more template tags here.

If you are just starting with WordPress theme development, then this WordPress Developer Roadmap can help you with getting started in the WordPress developer ecosystem.

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